Most people when they think of solar power are probably thinking of solar panels made up of photovoltaic cells (PV cells). These solar cells or PV cells collect the sun’s energy by collecting sunlight and converting it into direct current (DC) electricity or battery power.
Since most home appliances run on alternating current (AC) electricity, an inverter is the solar power component in your home system that converts the DC electricity to AC electricity.
A standard PV cell can be thought of as a thin semiconductor sandwich. They are very fragile and some common sizes are 5″ x 5″ or 6″ x 6″. They are connected together in various configurations to form a grid with a protective cover that makes up a solar panel. These solar panels are then mounted on the rooftop of your home to collect sunlight and turn it into DC electricity.
There are several common types of solar cells used in Photovoltaic (PV) panels. Monocrystalline are created from a single crystal block and are typically higher in efficiency, but they also usually cost a bit more. Polycrystalline cells or Multicrystalline cells are created from a silicon block, which is made up of multiple crystals. These PV cells are slightly lower in efficiency than the Monocrystalline cells, but probably less expensive. Amorphous silicon cells are made from finely powdered silicon. These have a much lower efficiency then the other types of solar cells and are usually not desirable for homes or residential applications because they use much more roof space than either Monocrystalline or Polycrystalline cells.
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